Elections in India are Mathematically Flawed: [Aniket’s Perspective]

This is a response, with a different perspective to an article on AlphaLeon titled ‘Elections in India are Mathematically Flawed

Link to article: https://alphaleon.wordpress.com/2012/06/26/mathematically-incorrect-election-system-in-india/

Aniket’s Perspective:

Here is why ‘mathematically flawed’ elections are actually the best bet for a democracy.

The article by my esteemed co-thinker at AlphaLeon argues convincingly and through a well-potrayed example that shows that a party can very well win the elections if it wins the majority of the constituencies, notwithstanding that the opposing party has amassed a higher number of aggregate votes. This is a very true mathematical possibility. He therefore goes on to argue, that we don’t really get to choose our leaders, since it is the constituent winners who go on to elect them.

However, let’s consider the alternatives for a moment.

1.    Elect leaders only on complete majority, abolish the constituent system: We will have one leader based on the single party that wins. Now, given how we all know how much power is prone to ‘abuse’ that we simply wouldn’t even want to risk a single party rule without opposition, would we?

2.    A more plausible alternative is to give the national leader (ie. The Prime Minister) a direct mandate from the people. This will definitely ensure that the true will of the majority of the people is reflected in the national executive leadership. But let’s consider what that would imply: The PM derives his power directly from the people, but he would have simply no real check on his power during his tenure, allowing him to expand his executive authority exponentially (even without resorting to mechanisms such as National Emergency). Further, the PM and the Lok Sabha majority are the same party, then we come to the result of current’s system. If however, they are from different parties, then it could be dead havoc: the PM will never be able to pass any legislation of significance, while the Lok Sabha will be unable to remove the Head of State from office.

Our Constitution makers were sharp thinkers who must have debated this issue numerous times before fixing up on the system that has the ‘least evil’. The current system is the best system we have for an effective democracy.

Thanks and Regards,

Aniket Nikumb

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